The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Notes on Caleb Cushing's first American Diplomatic Mission to China Written By Elisha Kent Kane
Reference Mss.B.K132
Library American Philosophical Society
Collection Elisha Kent Kane Papers (Bulk, 1843-1857) 1810-1953
Date c. 1844-1845
Description On political and diplomatic relations between America and China and the Treaty of Wanghia.
Document Type Manuscript, Notebook
Theme(s) Race Relations; Politics, War and Diplomacy; Trade and Commerce; Regulation and Legislation
Keywords council, contract, Chinese law, correspondence, commission, factory, foreign affairs, foreign policy, law, legislation, mission, navy, Opium War, government, governor, politics, treaty, Treaty of Nanking, Treaty of Wanghia
Countries China; USA
Places Macau; Mumbai; Guangzhou; Nanjing; Hai River
People Elisha Kent Kane; Caleb Cushing
Additional Information

Elisha Kent Kane was born in Philadelphia on February 3, 1820, the son of the jurist and Democratic politician John Kintzing Kane and his wife Jane Duval Leiper. Already prominent in Philadelphia and Washington, the Kane family became more so with Elisha's celebrity as an Arctic explorer and his brother, Thomas Leiper Kane's, as a general in the Union army and advocate for the Mormons. Kane studied medicine at the University of Pennsylvania before earning a commission as a naval surgeon. While in the Navy, Kane embarked on the succession of voyages to exotic locales that became the basis for his extraordinary fame. In 1843, he attended Caleb Cushing's first diplomatic mission to China as ship's physician, and subsequently travelled to the Philippines and Western Africa. Distinguishing himself in the Mexican War, Kane's greatest fame came from two expeditions to the arctic, aiming to locate the lost explorer, Sir John Franklin and to explore for evidence of the open polar sea. Kane died in 1857 while attempting to organize a third arctic voyage.

Please note that some of the metadata for this document has been drawn from the American Philosophical Society catalogue.

Copyright American Philosophical Society